1. Epigraph: Lewis Thomas, The Lives of a Cell: Notes of a Biology Watcher (New York: Bantam Books, 1974), p. 147.

2. Salvador Minuchin, Bernise L.Rosman, and Lester Baker, Psychosomatic Families: Anorexia Nevrosa in Context (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1978), p.45.

3. Albert Scheflen, "Family Cjmmunication and Social Connectedness in the Development of Schizophrenia", in Maurizio Andofi and Israel Zwerling, Dimensions in Family Therapy (New York: Guilford Press, 1980), chap.9.

4. Arthur Koestler, Janus: A Summing Up (New York: Vintage Books, 1979), p.33.

5. Murray Bowen, Family Therapy in Clinical Practice (New York: Jason Aronson, 1978), 306–307.

6. P.Glansdorff and Ilya Prigorine, Thermodynamic Theory of Structure, Stability and Fluctuations (New York: Wiley, 1971), pp. xiv-xxi.

7. Erich Jantsch, Design for Evolution: Self Organization and Plannind in the Life of Human Systems (New York: George Braziller, 1975), p. 37. The authors are indebted to Paul F. Dell and Harold a. Goolishian, whose paper "Order Through Fluctuation: An Evolutionary Epistemology for Human Systems" (presented at the Annual Scientific Meeting of the A.K. Rise Institute Houston, Texas, 1979) enhanced our interpretation of Prigogine and Jantsch.